Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Gynecology and Obstetrics deals with Female Reproductive System and also the diagnosis and treatment for the diseases affecting , Female Reproductive System. Not only that, it also focuses on other women facets such as  hormone imbalances, menopause, infertility, and contraception. Gynecology and Obstetrics focuses on female reproductive system, but from two different perspective.  Gynecology focuses on all aspects of women’s reproductive health from puberty to menopause and beyond whereas Obstetrics focuses on  the treatment of the unborn child, pregnant mothers, labour and childbirth, and postpartum recovery.

  • Track 1-1 Obstetrical analgesia and Anaesthesia

A series of natural changes in the hormone production and the structures of uterus and ovaries of a Female Reproductive System, that makes them possibly pregnant is known as ‘ The Menstural  Cycle’. The hormones estrogen and progesterone regulates the cycle.The ovarian cycle controls the cyclic release of these hormones and production and release of the eggs. The preparation and maintenance and the lining of the uterus which is the womb to receive the fertilized egg is being governed by the uterine cycle. These cycles normally last between 21 and 35 days in an adult woman with an average length of 28 days and continues till 30-45 years.

Maternal  Fetal  Medicine which is otherwise known as perinatology, is a branch of medicine , that deals with the management of health concerns of the mother and the fetus  from the starting stage of pregnancy to the postpartum stage and beyond. The physicians who  subspecialize within the field of obstetrics are Maternal Fetal specialists. They also take care of pregnant women who have chronic conditons, women under risk at pregnancy related complications and pregnant women with fetuses  at risk.

A surgical subspeciality of obstetrics, that deals and trains physicians in reproductive medicine addressing hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility is renowned as Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility(REI). The only doctors who are trained in providing  fertility treatments using assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and egg freezing are Reproductive Endocrinologists. Reproductive surgery is a correlated area of expertise, where a physician in ob-gyn or urology in addition specializes to function on anatomical syndromes that affect fertility.

A unique subspecialty in the field of obstetrics and gynecology where the specialty provides gynecologic care to infants, children and adolescents is known as Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. The affliation trains physicians to deal with both common and uncommon pediatric and adolescent gynecologic conditions ,to  become skilled in a broad range of surgical techniques – including minimally invasive procedures for children – manage complex reproductive anomalies, and employ an interdisciplinary approach to reconstructive surgery.

 An infection occurring in any part of the urinary system including the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra is said to be a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). It is most infectious in the lower urinary tract  including the bladder and the urethra. This infection is more common in women than men where around  50-60% of women will develop UTIs in their lifetime and it also develops when microbes enters the urinary tract. This disease is being caused by a bacteria named E.coli and it is also rarely being infected by fungi. It is most commonly treated with antibiotics

  • Track 6-1Bladder infection
  • Track 6-2Cystitis
  • Track 6-3Kidney infection
  • Track 6-4Acute pyelonephritis
  • Track 6-5 Acute cystitis
  • Track 6-6Abdominal pain

 A Pregnancy normally lasts for 40 weeks. A birth that occurs before 37th week of pregnancy is said to be preterm birth. As suggested by experts  it is  most substantial reason for the neonatal morbidity and mortality. According to CDC research preterm births decreased from 2007 to 2014 and gave a drastic growth at 2019. A baby which is developing goes through an important stage of pregnancy where it involves the development of organs such as liver, kindney, brain and it requires the final week of pregnancy to be fully developed. Premature babies are said to have higher rates of death before 1 year and disability. Poor nutrition before and during pregnancy, Infections such as urinary tract and amniotic membrane infections, vaginal bleeding, smoking ,driking and using illegal drugs during pregnancy are some causes  for preterm birth. There are sveral programs in the word are working earnestly inorder to prevent the preterm birth one among them are CDC. Several scientists from this organization are collaborating with many researchers and department in order to prevent this preterm birth

When a woman undergoes heavy bleeding after giving birth, it is known as Postpardum Hemorrhage (PPH). It is also a leading cause of maternal mortality. Loss of tone in the uterine muscles, a bleeding disorder or the placenta failing to come out completely or tearing , are the causes of PPH. Heavy vaginal bleeding that doesn't slow or stop is the main symptom. This can direct to a fall in blood pressure. Uterine massage and medication are some common treatments. In extreme cases, blood transfusion, removal of residual placenta or a hysterectomy may be required.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the name of a gathering of infections that contaminate the skin. There are in excess of 100 distinct sorts of HPV. A few kinds of genital HPV may cause genital moles, while different sorts of genital HPV are connected to unusual cell changes on the cervix (recognizedthrough Pap tests) that can prompt cervical malignant growth. In any case, this malignancy can quite often be forestalled through standard screening and, if necessary, treatment of strange cell changes.Around 14 million new instances of physically sent HPV happen in the U.S. every year, with in any event 79 million individuals assessed to be as of now contaminated. A great many people with HPV, however, don't realize that they are tainted.It is assessed that most physically dynamic ladies and men will come into contact with it during their life. Luckily 80 to 90% of cases the human papillomavirus will be normally wiped out.

The meta-investigation was directed after the PRISMA and MOOSE revealing rules. Inclination hazard was evaluated utilizing the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) manual. The convention was enrolled with PROSPERO (CRD42042020184752). 24 articles, including 1100 pregnancies, were chosen. The pooled predominance of pneumonia was 89% (95%CI 70-100), while the commonness of ladies conceded to the emergency unit 8% (95%CI 1-20). Three stillbirths and five maternal passings were accounted for. A pooled predominance of 85% (95%CI 72-94) was noticed for cesarean conveyances. There were three neonatal passings. The commonness of COVID-19-related admission to the neonatal emergency unit 2% (95%CI 0-6). Nineteen out of 444 youngsters were positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA upon entering the world. Raised degrees of IgM and IgG Serum antibodies were accounted for in one case, yet regrettable swab.

The clinical course of COVID-19 in most ladies isn't serious, and the disease doesn't fundamentally impact the pregnancy. A high cesarean conveyance rate is accounted for, yet there is no clinical proof supporting this method of conveyance. Surely, much of the time the infection doesn't compromise the mother, and vertical transmission has not been unmistakably illustrated. Subsequently, COVID-19 ought not be considered as a sign for elective cesarean area.

Penicillin skin testing is an apparatus utilized in the determination of penicillin hypersensitivity. This subject will survey the signs, wellbeing, conventions, and understanding of skin testing with penicillin and the aminopenicillins (amoxicillin and ampicillin). Penicillin skin testing and challenge has normally been kept away from during pregnancy except if penicillin treatment is basic (eg, patients with syphilis), however now there is developing interest in the standard "de-marking" of patients with a past filled with conceivable penicillin sensitivity. In the biggest investigation to date of testing during pregnancy, 222 patients were alluded by obstetricians for outpatient sensitivity assessment on the off chance that they had penicillin responses that happened >5 years prior; either with highlights of IgE-intervened hypersensitivity or uncharacterized responses [4]. Generally, no genuine responses happened during testing and challenge, and 94 percent of those tried had the name of penicillin hypersensitivity eliminated. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2020 rules for avoidance of Group B streptococcal beginning stage infection in babies likewise support reference and penicillin skin testing as a possibility for the executives of pregnant patients with detailed penicillin sensitivity.

In a standard obstetrics facility, pre-birth care suppliers are regularly posed the accompanying inquiry. What amount weight would it be advisable for me to acquire during this pregnancy? In 2009, the United States Institute of Medicine (IOM) distributed refreshed rules to give direction on solid gestational weight acquire (GWG) anticipations for medical services laborers [1]. These rules are explicit to the prepregnancy weight record (BMI) and are expected to direct clinicians prompting ladies on gestational weight acquire.

In a writing it is all around recorded that prepregnancy stoutness builds the danger of cesarean conveyance, gestational diabetes, toxemia, strange fetal development, and dystocia [2–4]. It is hard to choose whether the prepregnancy BMI or unnecessary GWG is connected with a significant danger for unfriendly results when unreasonable GWG happens in ladies with weight. It very well may be handily assumed that, autonomous of GWG, higher prepregnancy BMI is a significant danger factor for both mother and embryo. Ladies with a prepregnancy ordinary BMI are bound to convey without unfavorable perinatal results. Thus, this examination meant to decide the impact of GWG on perinatal results in generally safe pregnancies with ordinary prepregnancy BMI.

Early pregnancy misfortune is most usually characterized as the unconstrained loss of a pregnancy before 13 weeks' incubation. Different terms incorporate premature delivery, early pregnancy disappointment, and unconstrained fetus removal. The expressions "early pregnancy misfortune" or "premature delivery" might be liked by patients in light of the regrettable underlying meanings related with "disappointment," and disarray in regards to elective versus unconstrained early termination. The executives of early pregnancy misfortune has moved from the clinic to the outpatient setting, permitting ladies to stay under the consideration of their family doctor all through the premature delivery measure. Premature delivery is extremely normal, with almost one of every four ladies encountering an early pregnancy misfortune in her lifetime.1 Approximately 30% of all pregnancies end in unnatural birth cycle, albeit most of these are lost before they are recognized.2 The pace of pregnancy misfortune among clinically analyzed pregnancies is 8 to 15 percent.3–6 As numerous as 80% of unsuccessful labors happen before 12 weeks' incubation, with unsuccessful labor rates diminishing forcefully after the first trimester.2,4

Pre-birth screening test are a gathering of methods which are led during the hour of pregnancy on a mother to check whether the child has any sign or indications of having a particular birth deserts. These tests are for the most part non-obtrusive. These are for the most part utilized or first trimester and second trimester despite the fact that at some uncommon cases it is performed for third trimester moreover. The current explicit danger and its prospects can be resolved solely after the screening test. The positive outcomes from the screening test will be the significant route for choosing the symptomatic strategy. Some normal pre-birth screening tests which can be utilized to check for gestational diabetes incorporates glucose resistance tests. Other that this some auxiliary screening test additionally led uniquely for ladies having high-hazard to convey a solid kid. This condition is proposed when a ladies lived in the districts where tuberculosis in a typical sickness during her pregnancy the mother ought to have a tuberculin skin test.

Gynecologic oncology is an explained part of medication that significantly focuses on malignant growths of the female conceptive framework which incorporates uterine disease, vulvar malignant growth, vaginal disease, ovarian malignancy and cervical malignant growth. Gynecologic oncologists are the expert with huge information and preparing to analyze and therapy these sort of tumors. They fills in as a lead in lady's Gynecologic malignancy care. Look for exhortation from a Gynecologic oncologist preceding the beginning of the therapy so the best management and therapy can be given dependent on the phase of the malignancy. The European culture of Gynecologic oncology and the general public of Gynecologic oncology are the Gynecologic oncologist proficient association. For Gynecologic oncologist and other clinical experts who partakes in treating Gynecologic malignancies. Gynecologic oncology bunch is the expert association. To train lady about the signs, side effects and furthermore the meaning of untimely analysis Gynecologic malignant growth mindfulness and ovarian disease mindfulness are pronounced on the long stretch of September

Miscarriage, also known as accidental abortion or loss of pregnancy, happens when an embryo or fetus dies naturally. Spontaneous abortion occurs when a fetus dies or the results of conception goes through the uterus before the 20th week of pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding without cervical dilation that occurs during pregnancy indicates that spontaneous abortions may occur in a woman is known as threatened abortion. Medical criteria and ultrasonography are used to make the diagnosis. To prevent abortion, safe sexual practices should be had. Vaginal bleeding without cervical dilation leads to spontaneous abortions, which is known as threatened abortion. To prevent abortion, treatment and safety measures should be taken.

A MFM expert is a specialist who help to deal with ladies with challenges in pregnancy and high danger during work. A mother pregnant with twin children are considered as confounded pregnancy that is where a MFM expert will be a spine of a clinical group. These specialists are regularly alluded as Obstetrician and furthermore, they have gone through 3 years of extra rehearsing in high danger pregnancy. Hence, they are called as high-hazard pregnancy specialists or perinatologists. For ladies with muddled pregnancies they give ordinary pre-birth care. They likewise help to deal with the mother's genuine medical problems like hypertension and diabetes. Tests and screen's child's development and improvement by following ultrasound technique in ordinary. They additionally checks for birth abandons, heart issues, blood issues including developing infants and hereditary issues by directing test, for example, chorionic villus examining or umbilical line inspecting and amniocentesis. Gives suggestions by recognizing the future danger in the pregnancy.

Sex-based wellbeing imbalance are recognizable from one side of the planet to the other. These imbalanced medicines higher in abundance less nations than other. Ladies from developing nations significantly faces these emergency and need fundamental requirements for their medical care this prompts life debilitating and life threating medical conditions. child marriage, female genital cutting, Maternal mortality, human immunodeficiency infection (HIV)/AIDS and cervical malignant growth are some significant issues that trouble the non-industrial countries. Gynecology and Obstetrics are one of the fundamental expectations that supporting worldwide lady wellbeing and they accept issues will higher the need of discernment and made to make begin once again the obligations to improve the ladies' lives. It's anything but a worldwide interest when ladies medical issue acquired global consideration. Despite the fact that the public authority and associations execute projects and strategies to upgrade these objectives sex-based wellbeing imbalance actually stay in a portion of the non-industrial nations. Albeit the likelihood of permitting ladies to training and business increments on other hand they actually bear the issues like ignorance ,youngster marriage, mortality and horribleness. This influences the ladies as well as their family, their youngsters and this general public.